Dialogical Animation and its Future
This paper argues that animation has profound and unique dialogical powers which develop through the carnivalesque. While this is partially present in early animation, it is neither fully recognized nor developed. Today, in an effort to fully develop the potential of animation, we need to historically ground and conceptually explore a fully dialogical animation. In undertaking this, I introduce the theorist Mikhail Bakhtin and his conceptualization of the dialogic and carnivalesque. I then argue that animation can extend the potential of Bakhtin's ideas further than he could by using literature. To lay out the possibilities of a fully dialogical animation, I focus on the artists Hayao Miyazaki, Jan Svankmajer, The Brothers Quay, Jiri TRNKA, and Oskar Fischinger. I then use the work of William Kentridge and myself to show the potential for an animation that rethinks the possibilities of a fully dialogical art.
Keywords: Dialogical Animation, Carnivalesque, Rethinking Animation, Theory Applied to Animation
Mr. Michael Genz
Instructor, Department of Art, School of Liberal Arts, Edinboro University of Pennsylvania