TALKING CIRCLES

Background

Talking circles are meetings of minds, often around points of difference or difficulty. The inherent tension of the meeting is balanced by protocols of listening and respect for varied viewpoints. From this, rather than criticism and confrontation, productive possibilities may emerge.

The Purpose of Talking Circles in this Conference


The purpose of Talking Circles is to give shape to a conference that is wide-ranging in its scope and broad-minded in its interests. They also give participants an opportunity to interact around the key ideas of the conference away from the formalities of the plenary, paper, workshop and colloquium sessions. They are places for the cross-fertilisation of ideas, where cycles of conversation are begun, relationships and networks formed.

Talking Circles are not designed to force consensus nor even to strive towards commonality. Their intention is, in the first instance, to find a common ground of shared meanings and experiences in which differences are recognised and respected. Their outcome is not closure in the form of answers, but an open-ness that points in the direction of pertinent questions. The group finally identifies points of uncertainty and inconclusiveness, which then feed into the themes to further dialogue for the conference in the following year.

How Do They Work?

Each Talking Circle can be organised in any way that the members of the group together agree is appropriate. They can be informal and discursive, or structured and task-oriented. Every Talking Circle has a Facilitator.

The Talking Circles meet for 45-minute sessions during the conference, and the outcomes of each Talking Circle are reported back to the whole conference in the closing plenary session by the Talking Circles Co-ordinator, who will have been briefed by the Facilitator from each Talking Circle.

Talking Circles are grouped around each of the conference streams and focus on the specific areas of interest represented by each stream. Following is the outline of the Talking Circles that are currently in use. We welcome feedback and suggestions for improvement from participants.

It is important to note that each Talking Circle can be organised in any way that the members of the group together agree is appropriate. They can be informal and discursive, or structured and task-oriented. Each group of Talking Circles has a facilitator.

The Role of the Facilitator

The Facilitator must be comfortable with the process of thinking 'out of the box' and also embracing multiple and diverse scenarios. The process is one of creating a kind of collective intelligence around the stream. The Facilitator's role is to shape a conversation — which is open to possibilities and new lines of inquiry or action. Facilitators embody a spirit of open-ness to new knowledge.

The facilitator is required to keep a public record of the main discussion points on. These may be displayed on the walls of the public spaces of the conference. These points need to be summarised for the Talking Circles co-ordinator who will make in a 15-minute presentation in the closing plenary session at the conference. The facilitator is also asked to:


Possible Session Contents (Suggestions to assist Co-ordinators and Facilitators)

    Talking Circle 1 (45 minutes): Who are we?

    • Orientation: members of the group briefly introduce themselves.
    • What could be the narrative flow of the talking circle sessions?
    • What could be the outcomes of the work of this group, and its contribution to the closing plenary session, the journal and the conference as a whole (including the themes for next year’s conference)?
    • Assessing the landscape, mapping the territory: What is the scope of our stream? Do we want to rename it?
    • What are the burning issues, the key questions for this stream?
    • What are the forces or drivers that will affect us as professionals, as thinkers, as citizens, as aware and concerned people whose focus is this particular stream?
    • Where could we be, say, ten years hence?


    Talking Circle 2 (45 minutes): What themes are emerging?

    - What’s been coming up in the parallel sessions in this stream since the last Talking Circle? What are the differences of approach, perspective and experience? / What are points of convergence, divergence?

    What are our differences?
    • The setting: present and imminent shocks, crises, problems, dilemmas — what are they and what is the range of responses?
    • What are the cleavages, the points of dissonance and conflict?
    • What are the dimensions of our differences (1)? Politics, society, economics, culture, technology, environment.
    • What are the dimensions of our differences (2)? Persons, organisations, communities, nations, the global order.

    What is our common ground?
    • Where are the moments of productive diversity?
    • What are the bases for collaboration (1)? Politics, society, economics, culture, technology, environment.
    • What are the bases for collaboration (2)? Persons, organisations, communities, nations, the global order.

    - Alternative futures: describe in outline several alternative scenarios.
    - What are the forces that drive in the direction of, or mitigate against, each scenario?


What is to be done?

  • What’s been coming up in the parallel sessions in this stream since the last talking circle?
  • What is the emerging view of the future?
  • Can we foresee, let along predict alternative futures?
  • Looking back a decade hence, what might be decisive or seminal in the present?
  • Scenarios: can we create images of possibility, and agendas for robust alternative futures?
  • Directions: conventional and unconventional wisdoms?
  • Strategies: resilience in the face of the inevitable or creative adaptation?
  • What could be done: review the scenarios developed in talking circle 1.
  • Axes of uncertainty: working towards the right questions even when there’s no certainty about the answers.


Closing Plenary: 15-minute contribution to the closing plenary by the Talking Circles Co-ordinator based on summaries provided by each Talking Circle.